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農業農村部關于加快農業全產業鏈培育發展的指導意見

發布時(shi)間:2021-06-02 15:38:00來源:字號:[大]  [中]  [小][打印本頁]

農(nong)產發〔2021〕2號 

各省、自(zi)治區、直(zhi)轄市及計(ji)劃單列(lie)市農(nong)(nong)業(ye)農(nong)(nong)村(農(nong)(nong)牧)廳(ting)(局、委),新疆生產建設兵團農(nong)(nong)業(ye)農(nong)(nong)村局:

  農業(ye)(ye)(ye)全(quan)產(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)鏈是農業(ye)(ye)(ye)研(yan)發、生產(chan)、加(jia)工、儲運、銷售、品牌、體驗(yan)、消費、服務等環(huan)(huan)節和主(zhu)體緊密關聯、有效銜接(jie)、耦合配套、協(xie)同發展的有機整體。近年來(lai),我國(guo)農業(ye)(ye)(ye)全(quan)產(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)鏈發展加(jia)快,但仍(reng)存(cun)在不少短板和薄弱環(huan)(huan)節。為貫徹落(luo)實2021年中央一號(hao)文件精神和《國(guo)務院關于促進(jin)鄉村產(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)振興的指導(dao)意見》(國(guo)發〔2019〕12號(hao))要求,加(jia)快培育發展農業(ye)(ye)(ye)全(quan)產(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)鏈,現提出如下意見。

  一、總(zong)體要求 

  (一(yi))指導思想(xiang)。以(yi)習近平(ping)新時(shi)代中(zhong)(zhong)國特色社會(hui)主義思想(xiang)為指導,全(quan)(quan)面貫徹黨(dang)的十九大和十九屆二中(zhong)(zhong)、三(san)中(zhong)(zhong)、四中(zhong)(zhong)、五中(zhong)(zhong)全(quan)(quan)會(hui)精(jing)神(shen),深入貫徹新發展(zhan)理(li)念,緊(jin)緊(jin)圍繞(rao)“保(bao)供(gong)固安(an)全(quan)(quan)、振興暢循(xun)環”,以(yi)完善利益(yi)聯結機制為紐帶(dai),推進(jin)延鏈、補(bu)鏈、壯鏈、優(you)鏈,從抓(zhua)(zhua)生(sheng)產到(dao)(dao)(dao)抓(zhua)(zhua)鏈條(tiao)、從抓(zhua)(zhua)產品到(dao)(dao)(dao)抓(zhua)(zhua)產業(ye)(ye)、從抓(zhua)(zhua)環節到(dao)(dao)(dao)抓(zhua)(zhua)體系(xi)轉變,貫通產加銷、融合農(nong)(nong)文旅,拓(tuo)(tuo)展(zhan)鄉(xiang)村多(duo)種(zhong)功能,拓(tuo)(tuo)展(zhan)產業(ye)(ye)增(zeng)值增(zeng)效空間,打造一(yi)批(pi)創(chuang)新能力(li)強、產業(ye)(ye)鏈條(tiao)全(quan)(quan)、綠色底(di)色足、安(an)全(quan)(quan)可(ke)控制、聯農(nong)(nong)帶(dai)農(nong)(nong)緊(jin)的農(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)全(quan)(quan)產業(ye)(ye)鏈,為鄉(xiang)村全(quan)(quan)面振興和農(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)農(nong)(nong)村現代化提(ti)供(gong)支(zhi)撐。

  (二)基本原(yuan)則(ze)。

  ——堅(jian)持(chi)統籌謀劃。聚焦產(chan)(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)基礎(chu)高(gao)級化(hua)(hua)、產(chan)(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)鏈(lian)(lian)現(xian)代(dai)化(hua)(hua),推(tui)動(dong)一產(chan)(chan)(chan)往后延、二(er)產(chan)(chan)(chan)兩頭連、三產(chan)(chan)(chan)走高(gao)端,補(bu)齊產(chan)(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)鏈(lian)(lian)短板,鍛造(zao)產(chan)(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)鏈(lian)(lian)長板,促(cu)進(jin)全(quan)環(huan)節提(ti)升、全(quan)鏈(lian)(lian)條(tiao)增值、全(quan)產(chan)(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)融合。

  ——堅持協同推進。促進多主體分工協作、多要素投入保障、多層次利益(yi)協調、多政策配套服(fu)務,形成(cheng)政府引導(dao)、農(nong)戶參與、企業帶動(dong)、科技支撐、金融助力的良好產業生(sheng)態。

  ——堅持創新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)驅動。圍繞產業鏈部(bu)署創新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)鏈,圍繞創新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)鏈配置(zhi)資金鏈、資源鏈,引進培育核心(xin)關鍵人才,建立(li)“產學研用”創新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)機制,促進技術創新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)、產品創新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)、模式創新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)和管理創新(xin)(xin)(xin)(xin)。

  ——堅持(chi)聯(lian)農帶(dai)農。挖掘農業食品保障、生態涵養(yang)、休(xiu)閑體驗、文化(hua)傳承(cheng)等(deng)(deng)多種功(gong)能,提升(sheng)生產、生活、生態等(deng)(deng)多元價值,推動(dong)農業價值鏈向中高端躍(yue)升(sheng)。完善利(li)益聯(lian)結機制(zhi),讓農民更多分享產業增(zeng)值收益。

  (三(san))總體(ti)目(mu)標。到2025年,農業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)全(quan)(quan)產(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)鏈(lian)(lian)標準體(ti)系更加健全(quan)(quan),農業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)全(quan)(quan)產(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)鏈(lian)(lian)價(jia)值占縣(xian)域(yu)生(sheng)產(chan)總值的比重實現較(jiao)大幅(fu)度提高,鄉村(cun)產(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)鏈(lian)(lian)供(gong)(gong)應(ying)鏈(lian)(lian)現代化(hua)水平明(ming)顯提升,現代農業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)產(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)體(ti)系基本(ben)形(xing)成(cheng)。糧棉油(you)糖、肉禽蛋奶等(deng)重要農產(chan)品全(quan)(quan)產(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)鏈(lian)(lian)基本(ben)建成(cheng),國內(nei)生(sheng)產(chan)供(gong)(gong)應(ying)體(ti)系安(an)全(quan)(quan)可(ke)控。果菜菌茶、水產(chan)品、特色(se)農產(chan)品全(quan)(quan)產(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)鏈(lian)(lian)不(bu)斷健全(quan)(quan)。培育一(yi)批(pi)年產(chan)值超(chao)(chao)百億的農業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)“鏈(lian)(lian)主(zhu)”企(qi)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye),打造一(yi)批(pi)全(quan)(quan)產(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)鏈(lian)(lian)價(jia)值超(chao)(chao)百億的典型(xing)縣(xian),發展一(yi)批(pi)省域(yu)全(quan)(quan)產(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)鏈(lian)(lian)價(jia)值超(chao)(chao)千(qian)億的重點(dian)鏈(lian)(lian)。

  二、延伸產(chan)(chan)業鏈條(tiao),構建完(wan)整完(wan)備的農業全產(chan)(chan)業鏈 

  (四)聚(ju)焦規模化(hua)主導(dao)產(chan)業。選準(zhun)聚(ju)集(ji)度(du)較(jiao)高(gao)(gao)、影(ying)響國計民(min)生的(de)(de)糧(liang)食和(he)重要農(nong)(nong)(nong)產(chan)品(pin)(pin),以及(ji)滿足人民(min)多樣需要的(de)(de)特(te)色(se)農(nong)(nong)(nong)產(chan)品(pin)(pin),促進產(chan)業形態(tai)更高(gao)(gao)級、優勢更明顯(xian)、特(te)色(se)更突出。找準(zhun)高(gao)(gao)成(cheng)(cheng)長(chang)性(xing)、高(gao)(gao)關聯(lian)性(xing)、高(gao)(gao)盈利(li)性(xing)、多層次性(xing)、多業態(tai)類(lei)型的(de)(de)產(chan)業,建(jian)設標準(zhun)化(hua)原料基地、集(ji)約化(hua)加工鏈條、網絡(luo)化(hua)服(fu)務體系、品(pin)(pin)牌化(hua)營銷渠道。引導(dao)龍頭企業牽頭,農(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)合作社(she)、家庭農(nong)(nong)(nong)場和(he)廣大(da)農(nong)(nong)(nong)民(min)跟進,科研(yan)、金(jin)融、互聯(lian)網、品(pin)(pin)牌創意機構(gou)參(can)與(yu),形成(cheng)(cheng)廣泛(fan)的(de)(de)利(li)益聯(lian)合體。

  (五)建(jian)設(she)標(biao)準(zhun)(zhun)(zhun)化(hua)(hua)原(yuan)料基(ji)地。以(yi)產(chan)(chan)(chan)品為主線、全(quan)(quan)程質量控(kong)制為核心,加(jia)快構建(jian)現(xian)代農業(ye)(ye)全(quan)(quan)產(chan)(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)鏈標(biao)準(zhun)(zhun)(zhun)體系(xi)及相關標(biao)準(zhun)(zhun)(zhun)綜合體,提升(sheng)按標(biao)生(sheng)產(chan)(chan)(chan)水平(ping)。建(jian)設(she)標(biao)準(zhun)(zhun)(zhun)化(hua)(hua)原(yuan)料和(he)生(sheng)產(chan)(chan)(chan)基(ji)地,按照“專(zhuan)種專(zhuan)收專(zhuan)儲(chu)(chu)專(zhuan)加(jia)專(zhuan)用(yong)、優(you)產(chan)(chan)(chan)優(you)購(gou)優(you)儲(chu)(chu)優(you)加(jia)優(you)價(jia)”要求,建(jian)設(she)標(biao)準(zhun)(zhun)(zhun)化(hua)(hua)、規模(mo)化(hua)(hua)、機(ji)械(xie)化(hua)(hua)、優(you)質化(hua)(hua)原(yuan)料基(ji)地。全(quan)(quan)面(mian)試行食用(yong)農產(chan)(chan)(chan)品達標(biao)合格(ge)證制度,建(jian)設(she)一批(pi)現(xian)代農業(ye)(ye)全(quan)(quan)產(chan)(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)鏈標(biao)準(zhun)(zhun)(zhun)化(hua)(hua)基(ji)地、果菜菌茶標(biao)準(zhun)(zhun)(zhun)園(yuan)、畜禽(qin)養殖標(biao)準(zhun)(zhun)(zhun)化(hua)(hua)示范(fan)(fan)場、國家級水產(chan)(chan)(chan)健(jian)康養殖和(he)生(sheng)態(tai)養殖示范(fan)(fan)區(qu)以(yi)及國家海洋漁(yu)業(ye)(ye)基(ji)地建(jian)設(she),打造標(biao)準(zhun)(zhun)(zhun)化(hua)(hua)“第一車間”“原(yuan)料車間”。提升(sheng)基(ji)地設(she)施(shi)裝備數字化(hua)(hua)水平(ping),加(jia)強田(tian)間路(lu)渠管網建(jian)設(she),配套高(gao)效(xiao)機(ji)械(xie)設(she)施(shi)和(he)智能(neng)化(hua)(hua)生(sheng)產(chan)(chan)(chan),有效(xiao)運用(yong)物聯(lian)網、大數據、節水灌溉(gai)、測土配方、生(sheng)物防治等新技術。

  (六(liu))發展精細化(hua)綜(zong)(zong)合加(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)。拓展農產(chan)品(pin)(pin)初加(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong),支持新(xin)型(xing)經營主(zhu)體發展清洗分(fen)揀、烘干(gan)儲(chu)藏、殺菌消毒、預冷保(bao)鮮、凈(jing)菜(cai)鮮切、分(fen)級分(fen)割、產(chan)品(pin)(pin)包裝等(deng),開(kai)展干(gan)制(zhi)、腌制(zhi)、熟制(zhi)等(deng)初加(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong),實現減損增效。提升農產(chan)品(pin)(pin)精深加(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong),引導大(da)型(xing)農業(ye)企業(ye)開(kai)發營養均衡(heng)、養生保(bao)健、食藥同源的(de)加(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)食品(pin)(pin)和質優價廉、物美實用的(de)非食用加(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)產(chan)品(pin)(pin),提升農產(chan)品(pin)(pin)加(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)轉(zhuan)化(hua)增值(zhi)空間。推進綜(zong)(zong)合利(li)用加(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong),推進加(jia)(jia)工(gong)(gong)副產(chan)物循環(huan)、全值(zhi)、梯次利(li)用,實現變廢為寶、化(hua)害為利(li)。

  (七)搭建(jian)(jian)體系化物流(liu)網絡。鼓勵龍頭企業(ye)、新型經營(ying)主體和農(nong)戶建(jian)(jian)設通風貯(zhu)藏庫(ku)、機械(xie)冷(leng)庫(ku)、超低(di)溫貯(zhu)運、氣調貯(zhu)藏庫(ku)等設施(shi),提(ti)高農(nong)產(chan)品(pin)商品(pin)化處理和錯峰銷(xiao)售能力(li)。鼓勵建(jian)(jian)設農(nong)產(chan)品(pin)產(chan)地市場、骨干冷(leng)鏈物流(liu)基地、區域物流(liu)中(zhong)心、直銷(xiao)配(pei)送中(zhong)心、電商交易中(zhong)心,提(ti)升農(nong)產(chan)品(pin)產(chan)地集散(san)分銷(xiao)能力(li)。創新發(fa)展農(nong)商直供、預制(zhi)菜(cai)肴、餐飲外(wai)賣、冷(leng)鏈配(pei)送、自營(ying)門店、商超專(zhuan)柜、團餐服務、在線銷(xiao)售、場景銷(xiao)售等業(ye)態(tai),開發(fa)推廣“原(yuan)料基地+中(zhong)央廚房+物流(liu)配(pei)送”、“中(zhong)央廚房+餐飲門店”等模式。

  (八)開展品(pin)(pin)(pin)牌(pai)化市(shi)場營(ying)銷(xiao)。深入(ru)推進(jin)農(nong)業(ye)品(pin)(pin)(pin)牌(pai)目錄制度建設,推進(jin)品(pin)(pin)(pin)種培(pei)優(you)、品(pin)(pin)(pin)質提升、品(pin)(pin)(pin)牌(pai)打(da)造和(he)(he)標準化生產(chan),塑(su)強一(yi)批品(pin)(pin)(pin)質優(you)良、特色(se)鮮明的精品(pin)(pin)(pin)區域公用(yong)品(pin)(pin)(pin)牌(pai)。引進(jin)和(he)(he)培(pei)育一(yi)批有(you)自主知識產(chan)權和(he)(he)品(pin)(pin)(pin)牌(pai)效應的骨干企業(ye),引導(dao)企業(ye)與農(nong)戶等(deng)共創企業(ye)品(pin)(pin)(pin)牌(pai)。培(pei)育一(yi)批“土字(zi)號(hao)”、“鄉字(zi)號(hao)”產(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)品(pin)(pin)(pin)牌(pai)。創新品(pin)(pin)(pin)牌(pai)營(ying)銷(xiao)推介,通(tong)過(guo)博覽會(hui)、交易會(hui)、展銷(xiao)會(hui)等(deng)平臺,以及網絡視頻、直播帶貨等(deng)形式,講好品(pin)(pin)(pin)牌(pai)故事,提升品(pin)(pin)(pin)牌(pai)溢(yi)價能(neng)力(li)。

  (九)推進社會(hui)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)全(quan)程(cheng)(cheng)服務(wu)。支持市場主體(ti)建設區域(yu)性農(nong)業(ye)全(quan)產業(ye)鏈綜(zong)合(he)(he)服務(wu)中心,整合(he)(he)農(nong)資(zi)、農(nong)機(ji)、農(nong)藝、技術、信(xin)息(xi)、人才等各類生(sheng)產要素和服務(wu)主體(ti),以科技創新為(wei)主動力(li)、原料(liao)基地為(wei)主陣地、產業(ye)園(yuan)區為(wei)主戰場,提供全(quan)程(cheng)(cheng)專(zhuan)業(ye)社會(hui)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)服務(wu),提升農(nong)業(ye)生(sheng)產經(jing)營規(gui)模化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)、集約(yue)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)、專(zhuan)業(ye)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)、標準化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)、信(xin)息(xi)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)水平。開展社會(hui)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)服務(wu)規(gui)范(fan)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)創新試點,規(gui)范(fan)服務(wu)標準化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)建設、服務(wu)價(jia)格(ge)指導、服務(wu)合(he)(he)同(tong)監管,建立社會(hui)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)、專(zhuan)業(ye)化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)、市場化(hua)(hua)(hua)(hua)服務(wu)體(ti)系。

  (十)推廣(guang)綠(lv)(lv)(lv)色(se)化(hua)發展(zhan)模式(shi)。集成(cheng)推廣(guang)適應性廣(guang)、實用(yong)性強的(de)綠(lv)(lv)(lv)色(se)技術模式(shi),促進種養(yang)(yang)循環、產(chan)(chan)加(jia)一體、糧飼(si)兼顧、農(nong)(nong)牧結(jie)合、草畜(chu)配套,實現產(chan)(chan)業(ye)鏈(lian)(lian)全(quan)程綠(lv)(lv)(lv)色(se)化(hua)發展(zhan)。支持國(guo)家(jia)農(nong)(nong)業(ye)綠(lv)(lv)(lv)色(se)發展(zhan)先行區建設,建設綠(lv)(lv)(lv)色(se)產(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)集聚區,引(yin)導農(nong)(nong)產(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)加(jia)工(gong)企業(ye)建設清潔化(hua)、智能化(hua)綜合利用(yong)生產(chan)(chan)線。推動(dong)農(nong)(nong)業(ye)生態(tai)(tai)價值轉化(hua),做精鄉村休(xiu)閑旅游,培育發展(zhan)創意農(nong)(nong)業(ye)、休(xiu)閑農(nong)(nong)業(ye)、教育農(nong)(nong)園、康(kang)養(yang)(yang)農(nong)(nong)業(ye)、體驗農(nong)(nong)業(ye)等。鼓(gu)勵(li)打造聚合生產(chan)(chan)、加(jia)工(gong)、冷鏈(lian)(lian)、營(ying)銷、品(pin)(pin)牌(pai)和資源(yuan)養(yang)(yang)護的(de)綠(lv)(lv)(lv)色(se)遠洋漁業(ye)全(quan)產(chan)(chan)業(ye)鏈(lian)(lian)經營(ying)形態(tai)(tai)。

  (十(shi)一(yi))促進數(shu)(shu)字化轉型升級(ji)。建設全產(chan)業(ye)(ye)鏈(lian)大數(shu)(shu)據(ju)中心,構建全過程管理數(shu)(shu)據(ju)和(he)分析服務模型,健全市(shi)場和(he)產(chan)業(ye)(ye)損(sun)害監測(ce)預警體(ti)系,開(kai)發提供產(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)生(sheng)產(chan)情(qing)況、行(xing)情(qing)資(zi)訊(xun)、供需平衡等服務。加強農村(cun)電(dian)商(shang)(shang)主(zhu)體(ti)培(pei)訓培(pei)育,引(yin)導(dao)農業(ye)(ye)生(sheng)產(chan)基地(di)、農產(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)加工企業(ye)(ye)、農資(zi)配送企業(ye)(ye)、物流企業(ye)(ye)應用電(dian)子(zi)商(shang)(shang)務。實施(shi)“互聯網(wang)+”農產(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)出(chu)村(cun)進城(cheng)工程,充分發揮品(pin)(pin)(pin)牌(pai)農產(chan)品(pin)(pin)(pin)綜合(he)服務平臺和(he)益農信(xin)息社(she)作用,加強與大型知名電(dian)子(zi)商(shang)(shang)務平臺合(he)作,開(kai)設地(di)方特色(se)館,發展直播帶貨、直供直銷等新(xin)業(ye)(ye)態。

  三、完(wan)善支撐體系,提升(sheng)全(quan)產業(ye)鏈(lian)穩定性和(he)競爭力 

  (十二)融合(he)創新(xin)鏈。推動產(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)鏈創新(xin)鏈緊密融合(he),打(da)造共性(xing)技(ji)(ji)術(shu)研發(fa)平臺和創新(xin)聯(lian)合(he)體。依托國(guo)(guo)家農(nong)產(chan)(chan)品(pin)加(jia)工研發(fa)中(zhong)心及其分中(zhong)心,以企業(ye)(ye)為(wei)主體組(zu)織(zhi)開展(zhan)聯(lian)合(he)攻(gong)關,著(zhu)力攻(gong)克(ke)食品(pin)預處理(li)、分離提取、混(hun)合(he)均(jun)質(zhi)、灌裝(zhuang)(zhuang)、包裝(zhuang)(zhuang)等重點關鍵技(ji)(ji)術(shu)。開展(zhan)品(pin)種(zhong)創新(xin),保護利(li)用特色種(zhong)質(zhi)資源(yuan),選育高產(chan)(chan)、優質(zhi)、多抗的新(xin)品(pin)種(zhong),推廣具有自主知(zhi)識產(chan)(chan)權(quan)的優良品(pin)種(zhong)。組(zu)織(zhi)裝(zhuang)(zhuang)備創制,建設(she)一批(pi)農(nong)產(chan)(chan)品(pin)加(jia)工技(ji)(ji)術(shu)集(ji)成科研基地,培育一批(pi)中(zhong)國(guo)(guo)農(nong)業(ye)(ye)食品(pin)創新(xin)產(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)園區,發(fa)展(zhan)一批(pi)農(nong)業(ye)(ye)高新(xin)技(ji)(ji)術(shu)產(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye),集(ji)成創制先進(jin)適(shi)用的加(jia)工新(xin)技(ji)(ji)術(shu)新(xin)裝(zhuang)(zhuang)備。支(zhi)持生態節(jie)能(neng)遠洋漁(yu)船(chuan)漁(yu)具開發(fa)與專(zhuan)業(ye)(ye)智能(neng)裝(zhuang)(zhuang)備設(she)施研制應用。

  (十三)優(you)化(hua)供(gong)(gong)應(ying)(ying)鏈(lian)。鼓勵各類農(nong)業(ye)經營主體合作建立農(nong)業(ye)供(gong)(gong)應(ying)(ying)鏈(lian)體系,發展種養加、產(chan)供(gong)(gong)銷、內外貿一體化(hua)的現代(dai)農(nong)業(ye)。推動大型龍(long)頭企業(ye)應(ying)(ying)用(yong)精益供(gong)(gong)應(ying)(ying)鏈(lian)等管理技術(shu),完善從產(chan)品(pin)研發、生產(chan)加工(gong)到營銷服務的全鏈(lian)條供(gong)(gong)應(ying)(ying)鏈(lian)體系。健全綠色(se)智能農(nong)產(chan)品(pin)供(gong)(gong)應(ying)(ying)鏈(lian),鼓勵構建采購、倉儲(chu)、配送供(gong)(gong)應(ying)(ying)鏈(lian)協(xie)同平(ping)臺(tai),培(pei)育農(nong)商直供(gong)(gong)、直供(gong)(gong)直銷、會(hui)員(yuan)制(zhi)、個(ge)人定制(zhi)等模式,推進(jin)農(nong)商互(hu)聯、產(chan)銷銜接,再(zai)造業(ye)務流程,降低(di)交易成本,提(ti)高供(gong)(gong)給質量和效率。

  (十四)提升價值(zhi)鏈(lian)。以拓展產(chan)業增值(zhi)空(kong)間為重點,開發(fa)特(te)色化、多樣(yang)化產(chan)品(pin),提升產(chan)業附加值(zhi)。對(dui)接終端市(shi)場需求,促進農戶生產(chan)、企業加工(gong)、客戶營銷和終端消費連成一(yi)體(ti)、協同運(yun)作(zuo),實(shi)現(xian)上下(xia)游企業協同采購、協同生產(chan)、協同物流(liu),促進大中小企業專業化分工(gong)協作(zuo),快速(su)響應市(shi)場需求,縮短生產(chan)周(zhou)期和新品(pin)上市(shi)時(shi)間。

  (十五)暢通資金(jin)(jin)鏈(lian)。建立農(nong)業(ye)(ye)全(quan)產業(ye)(ye)鏈(lian)項(xiang)(xiang)目庫,統籌利用(yong)(yong)財(cai)政涉農(nong)資金(jin)(jin)、地方專項(xiang)(xiang)債券等(deng)資金(jin)(jin)渠(qu)道,發(fa)揮社會資本投資作(zuo)用(yong)(yong),加大對農(nong)業(ye)(ye)全(quan)產業(ye)(ye)鏈(lian)優質品種、專用(yong)(yong)農(nong)資和基地建設的支持(chi)。鼓勵(li)開(kai)發(fa)農(nong)業(ye)(ye)全(quan)產業(ye)(ye)鏈(lian)保(bao)(bao)(bao)險險種,發(fa)揮農(nong)業(ye)(ye)信貸擔保(bao)(bao)(bao)體(ti)系(xi)作(zuo)用(yong)(yong),引導(dao)金(jin)(jin)融(rong)機構(gou)提供產業(ye)(ye)鏈(lian)信貸服(fu)務(wu)。依托新(xin)型農(nong)業(ye)(ye)經營主體(ti)信息直報(bao)系(xi)統平臺,運用(yong)(yong)農(nong)業(ye)(ye)全(quan)產業(ye)(ye)鏈(lian)政務(wu)信息,開(kai)展專項(xiang)(xiang)金(jin)(jin)融(rong)服(fu)務(wu),進一步推動(dong)“銀(yin)稅互(hu)動(dong)”工(gong)作(zuo)。支持(chi)開(kai)展供應鏈(lian)金(jin)(jin)融(rong),引導(dao)龍頭企業(ye)(ye)為(wei)全(quan)產業(ye)(ye)鏈(lian)上的小農(nong)戶(hu)和新(xin)型經營主體(ti)提供擔保(bao)(bao)(bao)和增(zeng)信服(fu)務(wu)。

  四、強化保障措施,促進全產(chan)業(ye)鏈素質整體(ti)躍升(sheng) 

  (十六(liu))找準抓(zhua)手,形成合力。省級農(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)農(nong)村(cun)部門要把培育發展(zhan)農(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)全(quan)(quan)(quan)產(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)鏈(lian)(lian)作為重(zhong)要任務(wu),制(zhi)定(ding)并(bing)實(shi)施(shi)(shi)農(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)全(quan)(quan)(quan)產(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)鏈(lian)(lian)培育發展(zhan)實(shi)施(shi)(shi)方案,精(jing)心組織、精(jing)密謀劃、精(jing)細指導。開展(zhan)農(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)全(quan)(quan)(quan)產(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)鏈(lian)(lian)“鏈(lian)(lian)長”制(zhi)試(shi)點(dian),建立統籌推(tui)進、分工(gong)協作的(de)工(gong)作機(ji)制(zhi),組織梳理農(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)全(quan)(quan)(quan)產(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)鏈(lian)(lian)圖譜,圍繞“補短板,強弱項”,建立基(ji)礎能力改造(zao)(zao)升級甚(shen)至(zhi)換代清(qing)單、延鏈(lian)(lian)補鏈(lian)(lian)清(qing)單,提出產(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)鏈(lian)(lian)技(ji)(ji)術路(lu)線、應用領域、區域分布等,出臺(tai)相應配套支持政策。支持農(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)產(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)化龍頭企業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)擔任“鏈(lian)(lian)主”,組織育種育苗、生產(chan)(chan)基(ji)地、倉儲設施(shi)(shi)、科(ke)研院所、加工(gong)流通、產(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)協會、服務(wu)機(ji)構、電商平臺(tai)、融(rong)資機(ji)構等經(jing)營主體(ti),一體(ti)打造(zao)(zao)農(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)全(quan)(quan)(quan)產(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)鏈(lian)(lian)。農(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)農(nong)村(cun)部將組織遴(lin)選一批科(ke)技(ji)(ji)驅動(dong)(dong)(dong)、基(ji)地推(tui)動(dong)(dong)(dong)、企業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)帶動(dong)(dong)(dong)、品牌拉(la)動(dong)(dong)(dong)的(de)全(quan)(quan)(quan)國(guo)(guo)農(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)全(quan)(quan)(quan)產(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)鏈(lian)(lian),開展(zhan)全(quan)(quan)(quan)國(guo)(guo)農(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)全(quan)(quan)(quan)產(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)鏈(lian)(lian)重(zhong)點(dian)鏈(lian)(lian)和全(quan)(quan)(quan)國(guo)(guo)農(nong)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)全(quan)(quan)(quan)產(chan)(chan)業(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)鏈(lian)(lian)典型縣認定(ding)。

  (十七)搭建(jian)(jian)平(ping)臺(tai),聚合(he)要素。建(jian)(jian)設農(nong)(nong)產(chan)品加(jia)工(gong)園區平(ping)臺(tai),強化科(ke)(ke)技研發、融(rong)資(zi)擔保(bao)、檢(jian)驗(yan)檢(jian)測等服務,完善倉儲物流、供能供熱、廢污處理(li)(li)等設施,力(li)爭(zheng)在每個農(nong)(nong)牧漁業(ye)(ye)大(da)縣(xian)(市)建(jian)(jian)設一個農(nong)(nong)產(chan)品加(jia)工(gong)園,同時建(jian)(jian)設一批(pi)全國(guo)(guo)一流、世界領先的中國(guo)(guo)國(guo)(guo)際農(nong)(nong)產(chan)品加(jia)工(gong)產(chan)業(ye)(ye)園。搭建(jian)(jian)信息(xi)交流平(ping)臺(tai),將原料商(shang)(shang)(shang)、加(jia)工(gong)商(shang)(shang)(shang)、采購商(shang)(shang)(shang)、投資(zi)商(shang)(shang)(shang)、營(ying)銷(xiao)商(shang)(shang)(shang)吸引到(dao)平(ping)臺(tai)上,為其提供全方位市場服務。搭建(jian)(jian)企(qi)科(ke)(ke)對接(jie)平(ping)臺(tai),梳理(li)(li)關鍵核心技術斷點,按(an)照“揭榜掛(gua)帥”要求,組織聯(lian)合(he)攻關。面向科(ke)(ke)研院所、企(qi)業(ye)(ye)征集(ji)優(you)秀創(chuang)新(xin)成果(guo),健全成果(guo)轉(zhuan)移轉(zhuan)化直(zhi)通(tong)機制。支持科(ke)(ke)技人(ren)(ren)員以(yi)科(ke)(ke)技成果(guo)入(ru)股農(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)企(qi)業(ye)(ye),建(jian)(jian)立健全科(ke)(ke)研人(ren)(ren)員校(xiao)企(qi)、院企(qi)共建(jian)(jian)雙聘機制,組建(jian)(jian)產(chan)業(ye)(ye)專家團隊或專家顧問組。搭建(jian)(jian)土地要素對接(jie)平(ping)臺(tai),按(an)照《自(zi)然資(zi)源部 國(guo)(guo)家發展改革委 農(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)農(nong)(nong)村部關于保(bao)障和規(gui)范(fan)農(nong)(nong)村一二三產(chan)業(ye)(ye)融(rong)合(he)發展用地的通(tong)知》精(jing)神,通(tong)過(guo)產(chan)業(ye)(ye)科(ke)(ke)學(xue)規(gui)劃安(an)排一批(pi)、園區整合(he)供應一批(pi)、增減掛(gua)鉤支持一批(pi)、存量(liang)用地挖潛一批(pi)、設施農(nong)(nong)用地保(bao)障一批(pi),解決好(hao)農(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)全產(chan)業(ye)(ye)鏈用地問題。

  (十(shi)八)建(jian)設(she)載體(ti),筑(zhu)牢支撐。將現(xian)有(you)農(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)產(chan)業(ye)(ye)融合項目和(he)農(nong)(nong)(nong)產(chan)品(pin)(pin)倉儲保鮮冷鏈(lian)設(she)施建(jian)設(she)與農(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)全產(chan)業(ye)(ye)鏈(lian)有(you)機銜接,打造(zao)“一村一品(pin)(pin)”示范(fan)村,建(jian)設(she)一批農(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)產(chan)業(ye)(ye)強鎮、現(xian)代農(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)產(chan)業(ye)(ye)園、優勢特色產(chan)業(ye)(ye)集群。建(jian)設(she)返(fan)鄉入(ru)鄉創業(ye)(ye)園和(he)孵化(hua)實(shi)訓基地,支持(chi)“鏈(lian)主”企業(ye)(ye)家擔任創業(ye)(ye)導(dao)師,引(yin)導(dao)返(fan)鄉入(ru)鄉人員圍繞農(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)全產(chan)業(ye)(ye)鏈(lian)開展創業(ye)(ye)創新。創新項目運營(ying)管理模(mo)式(shi),強化(hua)行政引(yin)導(dao)、政策支持(chi)和(he)差異化(hua)發(fa)展,建(jian)立人地錢物信息(xi)直通車機制,構建(jian)農(nong)(nong)(nong)業(ye)(ye)全產(chan)業(ye)(ye)鏈(lian)“龍頭(tou)企業(ye)(ye)驅動(dong)、配套企業(ye)(ye)帶動(dong)、產(chan)業(ye)(ye)集群聯動(dong)、服務部門推(tui)動(dong)”的發(fa)展模(mo)式(shi)。

  (十(shi)九(jiu))創(chuang)(chuang)新機(ji)(ji)制(zhi),注入(ru)活力(li)(li)。創(chuang)(chuang)新主體(ti)(ti)聯合(he)機(ji)(ji)制(zhi),組(zu)(zu)織龍頭企業(ye)(ye)與(yu)種(zhong)業(ye)(ye)公(gong)司、收(shou)儲(chu)企業(ye)(ye)、種(zhong)植(zhi)大戶(hu)、家(jia)庭農(nong)場、小(xiao)農(nong)戶(hu)和社會化(hua)服(fu)務組(zu)(zu)織,組(zu)(zu)建農(nong)業(ye)(ye)產業(ye)(ye)化(hua)聯合(he)體(ti)(ti),簽訂(ding)(ding)“多級(ji)訂(ding)(ding)單”。探(tan)索雙向入(ru)股(gu)、按(an)股(gu)分紅與(yu)二(er)次利潤返還(huan)等(deng)模式,支持小(xiao)農(nong)戶(hu)以土地、勞動力(li)(li)、資(zi)金、設(she)備等(deng)入(ru)股(gu)農(nong)民合(he)作社和龍頭企業(ye)(ye)。強(qiang)化(hua)要(yao)素整合(he)機(ji)(ji)制(zhi),按(an)照農(nong)業(ye)(ye)產業(ye)(ye)化(hua)聯合(he)體(ti)(ti)內部“資(zi)源要(yao)素暢通、利益聯結緊(jin)密、服(fu)務購銷(xiao)最惠”要(yao)求,創(chuang)(chuang)新利益粘合(he)機(ji)(ji)制(zhi),有條件的向實體(ti)(ti)化(hua)、集(ji)團化(hua)方(fang)向發展。

  農業農村(cun)部

  2021年5月(yue)26日 

 
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